When it comes to our patients, we’re dedicated to offering a variety of effective approaches to caring for their dental concerns. Periodontal disease is one of the most common concerns faced by Americans. Gingivitis is the most well-known form of periodontal disease called gum disease. While relatively easy to treat, this condition can convert into more concerning periodontitis when left untreated. Antibiotics are a valuable tool in managing periodontal disease during treatment and are often used in conjunction with more direct approaches. Keep reading to learn how McCartney Dental uses antibiotics as part of our approach to curing periodontal disease in our patients.
Antibiotics And How They Contribute To the Management of Periodontal Disease
Antibiotics are a form of medication used to fight infection. The name antibody literally translates into “anti-life.” However, when used properly, they’re an effective way of preserving human health while battling the bacteria that make us ill. There are many different types of antibiotics available. Each antibiotic attacks the bacteria differently, and multiple forms are often used as a two-prong assault on infection. The varieties of antibiotics commonly used to fight periodontal disease are the following:
- Tetracycline – This medication has been shown to have significant antibacterial properties that make it a useful tool in fighting gum disease. However, it also helps reduce inflammation and blocks collagenase. Collagenase is a protein that is capable of wreaking havoc on bone and connective tissue.
- Azithromycin – The bacteria responsible for periodontitis is sensitive to azithromycin. The effectiveness of this antibiotic makes it a common choice for patients with a heavy smoking habit.
- Metronidazole (Flagyl) – Patients struggling with severe periodontal disease are often prescribed metronidazole. Highly effective, it works well when combined with tetracycline or amoxicillin.
- Ciprofloxacin – This medication is used when a targeted approach to treatment is needed. It is capable of seeking out and neutralizing a harmful bacteria known as A. actinomycetemcomitans, which is closely associated with gum disease.
- Amoxicillin – This medication takes an unusual approach to battling bacteria. Rather than killing the bacteria outright, it works to prevent the proper formation of its protective walls. This impacts their ability to reproduce successfully and leaves them open to attack from the immune system.
- Clindamycin – When the infection is judged to be severe, this antibiotic is often considered. It stops the growth of the bacteria and is effective against a range of microorganisms.
There are two ways that antibiotics can be administered when fighting periodontal disease. While oral antibiotics are a common approach, they can also be applied topically. This means that a powder or liquid containing the antibiotic is directly applied to the areas where gum disease is present. This approach allows the medication to start work immediately and be targeted specifically where it’s needed.
Contact McCartney Dental To Learn More
If you’re committed to regular oral hygiene and a life with better gingival health, contact our offices today. We’ll schedule a consultation and exam, during which we’ll examine your oral cavity and determine which concerns are present. Start by calling (941) 423-4334 or stopping by our office in North Port, FL, today!